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Historical compilation of 7 world universities rankings: huge drop for US, rise for French

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Originally published on Thu, 04/18/2013

After reading an article from HESA where the author explains (referring to Times Higher Education’s annual Reputation Rankings) that “only the position of the top 6 or so is genuinely secure. Below about tenth position, everyone else is packed so closely together that changes in rank order are basically guaranteed”, we wanted to see how much movement there was at the bottom of the rankings.

How did we do this?

We took 7 world rankings that had some historical data (see note). We selected the years 2010 and 2012 and subtracted the average of the 7 rankings for the 2010 rank from the average of the 2012 rank. For example, Yale University has the overall average rank of “12” in 2010 and “14” in 2012. The equation would be 12 -14 = -2.

If you click on one of the countries, the bottom graph will only include the universities from that specific country.

A few observations:

Top and Bottom countries by total + or – ranks

  • European universities have generally improved their rankings
  • Sweden's quality education system is looking fragile from this angle
  • North American universities, as a group, look as if they have passed their peek
  • Could the massive cuts in US higher education explain the slumping in the rankings?
  • Most countries, 28 out 39, remain in the + or - 100 range. The others are as follows:
Countries Total Difference in rank
France +610
Netherlands +278
Korea +261
Germany +175
China +139
Hong Kong +123
... ...
Sweden -129
Israel -139
Canada -248
Japan -323
United States -1469


Top 10 University biggest increase

The biggest increases are not seen in all newer institutions. They are a mixture of new and old universities: University of Strasbourg (1538), Joseph Fourier University (1811), Wageningen University and Research Centre (1918), King Saud University (1957), Sungkyunkwan University (1393), Nanyang Technological University (1991), Radboud University Nijmegen (1923), Korea University (1905), Hong Kong Polytechnic University (1937) and Cardiff University (1883)

Difference in rank University Country
+222 University of Strasbourg France
+133 Joseph Fourier University France
+116 Wageningen University and Research Centre Netherlands
+92 King Saud University Saudi Arabia
+88 Sungkyunkwan University Korea
+73 Nanyang Technological University Singapore
+66 Radboud University Nijmegen Netherlands
+66 Korea University Korea
+63 Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
+61 Cardiff University United Kingdom

Bottom 10 Universities

50% of the bottom 10 are from the USA. 80% the 5 USA universities are publicly funded

Difference in rank University Country
-51 Keio University Private Japan
-54 University of Dundee Public United Kingdom
-57 University of Cincinnati Public United States
-61 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Public Sweden
-62 Dartmouth College Private United States
-62 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Private United States
-90 Weizmann Institute of Science Public Israel
-93 University of California, San Francisco Public United States
-106 University of Alabama at Birmingham Public United States
-120 Karolinska Institutet Private Sweden


Note: A total of 398 universities had 5 or more rankings in 2010 and 2012.